Yung Wing was the first Chinese graduate of an American university. He graduated from Yale College in 1854.






The Yung Wing Project contains a variety of public domain texts on Yung Wing and the Chinese Educational Mission. For texts that are unpublished, proof of public domain status has been supplied. Some texts that are pending confirmation have been removed for now.







Yung Wing on Yale
Description: Yung Wing wrote this letter to Samuel Wells Williams about his freshmen year in college. He was 22 at the time.
Date: December 25, 1850
Source: Williams, Samuel Wells, Family Pps, Yale University Manuscripts & Archives (More Info)


Yung Wing Marries a Connecticut Lady
Description: A short description of Yung Wing's marriage to Mary Kellogg of Avon, Connecticut.
Date: March 12, 1875
Source: p. 2, The New York Times

  Among the Colleges
Description: On Yale's Commencement Day in 1876, Yung Wing received an honorary LL.D.
Date: June 30, 1876
Source: p. 2, The New York Times
  Yung Wing to Addison Van Name
Description: Yung Wing prepares the University Librarian, Professor Addison Van Name, for a forthcoming shipment of books from China.
Date: March 1, 1877
Source: Yung, Wing, Pps, Yale University Manuscripts & Archives (More Info)
  Yung Wing to Addison Van Name
Description: Yung Wing sends Van Name the final instructions and a content list for the four crates the university will be receiving via a Mr. S.
Date: May 29, 1878
Source: Yung, Wing, Pps, Yale University Manuscripts & Archives (More Info)
  The Chinese Embassy
Description: Announcing the arrival of Chen Lan Pin and the return of Yung Wing to the United States, the article provides a short profile of both men.
Date: September 18, 1878
Source: p. 2, The New York Times
  Address on Chinese Work & Address of Hon. Yung Wing
Description: Two selections that, while include commentary on Yung Wing, cover mostly the topic of Chinese laborers in America.
Date: January 1886
Source: pp. 372-376, Vol. XL, No. 1, The American Missionary
  No. 1567, National Archives, Record Group 77
Description: Secretary of State John Sherman had Charles Denby revoke Yung Wing's U.S. citizenship in response to the Chinese Exclusion Act passed in 1882.
Date: April 14, 1898
Source: No. 1567, National Archives, Record Group 77
  Building Railroads in China
Description: Two paragraphs on the resolution of the German-American conflict over the rights to build specific railroads in China.
Date: June 5, 1898
Source: p. 15, The New York Times
  Yung Wing A Yale Man
Description: Even though the byline suggests that the article covers Yung Wing's duality in relation to his wife and sons, the article is more of a summary of his diplomatic efforts than a biography.
Date: August 5, 1898
Source: p. 15, The New York Times
  Yung Wing's Railroad Deal
Description: A brief update on the negotiations over the rights to build the Tientsin-Chung King railroad.
Date: August 30, 1898
Source: p. 7, The New York Times
  Mark Twain to Reverend J.H. Twitchell
Description: As a personal friend of Yung Wing, Mark Twain enjoyed a written correspondence with him. This, however, is a letter about him, not to him. Two small paragraphs relate Mark Twain's thoughts on Yung Wing's recent request of the U.S. government to provide assistance to China.
Date: July 28, 1901
Source: Mark Twain's Letters 1901-1906, Arranged with Comment By Albert Bigelowe Paine
  Old Yale's Commencement
Description: Yung Wing was a guest of honor at Yale's 1902 graduation ceremony.
Date: June 26, 1902
Source: The New York Times
  My Life in China and America by Yung Wing
Description: Yung Wing's memoir was published in 1909, written when he was about 80. As a source of reliable information, his memoir is suspect despite most academic citations on Yung Wing and the CEM coming from this singular source.
Date: 1909
Source: Published by New York, Henry Holt Company
  The Life Story of Dr. Yung Wing by Kiyoshi K. Kawakami
Description: Less about Yung Wing's life story and more about the author's point of view, he uses Yung Wing's autobiography to support his claims that China is corrupt and ailing.
Date: March 12, 1910
Source: p. BR4, The New York Times
  Dr. Yung Wing Dies
Description: Yung Wing's obituary from The New York Times.
Date: April 22, 1912
Source: The New York Times
  Excerpts from the New York Times
Description: These selections from the New York Times date from about the arrival of the students in America to a short time after their recall to China.
Date: 1872-1881
Source: The New York Times
  Yung Wing and His Work by James L. Bowen
Description: James L. Bowen wrote this article a few years into the Chinese Educational Mission about Yung Wing and his educational project.
Date: May 1875-October 1875
Source: pp. 106-109, Volume 10, Issue 1, Scribner's Monthly, An Illustrated Magazine for the People
  1880 US Census
Description: Here is a list of the living situations for many of the boys as reported by the government. Many of the transliterations are considerably different than what anyone else has provided.
Date: 1880
Source: United States Census Bureau
  Senior Returned Students by Arthur G. Robinson
Description: An interesting historical note: Robinson, who was friend to many of the CEM students when they grew up, also taught Li Dazhao, the co-founder of the Chinese Communist Party, who, in turn, taught Mao Zedong.
Date: June 24, 1932
Source: Published by P. & T. Times
  Autobiography, with Letters by William Lyon Phelps
Description: In the twelfth chapter, this Yale professor recalls his childhood as a classmate to several of the CEM students.
Date: 1939
Source: pp. 83-86, Chapter 12, New York: Oxford University Press
  When I Was a Boy in China by Yan Phou Lee
Description: Written by a student of the CEM, this children's book details childhood in China with a very interesting bias as Yan Phou Lee converted to Christianity and stayed on to become a journalist in the States.
Date: 1887
Source: Published by Boston, Lothrop, Lee & Shepard Co.
  Graduating Address of Yan Phou Lee, at Yale College
Description: Yan Phou Lee says farewell with a rejoinder to the Chinese Exclusion Act which passed five years before.
Date: September 1887
Source: pp. 269-273, Volume 41, Issue 9, The American Missionary
  Why I am Not a Heathen
Description: Written shortly after he graduated from Yale, Yan Phou Lee defends his status as a Chinese convert to Christianity.
Date: September 1887
Source: pp. 306-313, Volume 145, Issue 370, The North American Review
  The Chinese Must Stay
Description: Three years into his professional life, Yan Phou Lee is still pursuing popular education of the Chinese reality.
Date: April 1889
Source: pp. 476-484, Volume 148, Issue 389, The North American Review
  Burlingame Treaty
Description: Ratified in 1868, the Burlingame Treaty amended the Treaty of Tientsin which established a friendly relationship between the United States and China. In particular, it promised legal reciprocity for Chinese citizens in the U.S. and U.S. citizens in China.
Date: Signed July 28, 1868; ratified by the President of the United States October 19, 1868; ratified by China November 23, 1869; ratification exchanged at Peking November 23, 1869
Source: United States Government
  Angell Treaty
Description: In 1880, the Angell Treaty was passed which revoked some of the amenities provided by the Burlingame Treaty, but not all.
Date: Concluded November 17, 1880; ratified by the Senate May 5, 1881; ratified by the President of the United States May 9, 1881; ratification exchanged July 19, 1881; proclaimed October 5, 1881
Source: United States Government
  Chinese Exclusion Act
Description: Passed in 1882, the Chinese Exclusion Act suspended the Burlingame Treaty which provided both protection and immigration rights to Chinese citizens in the U.S.
Date: May 6, 1882
Source: Forty-Seventh Congress. Session I. 1882 Chapter 126.


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