Yung Wing was the first Chinese graduate of an American university. He graduated from Yale College in 1854.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY

While this website remains a work-in-progress and thus closer to a research project than anything else, the listing below is less for academic integrity and more to make the topic as accessible as possible. As a result, there are several sources of sources included.

ORGANIZED BY TYPE

   CONTEMPORARY DOCUMENTS
 
1880 United States Census
Angell Treaty
Concluded November 17, 1880; ratified by the Senate May 5, 1881; ratified by the President May 9, 1881; ratification exchanged July 19, 1881; proclaimed October 5, 1881
Yung Wing and His Work
by James L. Bowen
Scribner's Monthly, An Illustrated Magazine for the People. Volume 10, Issue 1. May 1875 - Oct. 1875, pp. 106-109
Burlingame-Seward Treaty
Signed July 28, 1868; Ratified by the President of the United States; October 19, 1868; ratified by China November 23, 1869; ratification exchanged at Peking November 23, 1869
Chinese Exclusion Act
Enacted May 6, 1882; Forty-Seventh Congress. Session I. 1882. Chapter 126
Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs Memorandum
May 12, 1881
Correspondence of Liang Tun-Yen, Liang Che Chiang, Martin Welles, and Roger Welles
Connecticut Historical Society Hartford, CT
Eugene Clarence Gardner Papers
Yale University Manuscripts & Archives
Hartford Daily Courant
July 4, Sept. 21, 25 and 26, and Nov. 5, 1872; July 15 and 27, Aug. 9, and Sept. 27, 1881
Hartford Evening Post
July 25, 1873, p. 2; Aug. 28, 1873, p.2
Huang Tsun-Hsien's Poem: "The Closure of the Educational Mission in America"
Translated by William Hung
The Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies
. Volume 18, 1955
Papers Relating to Instruction in
Chinese 1877-1882

by Ko Kun Hua
Harvard University Archives
Lawrence Boothe Collection
Hoover Institute, Stanford University. Stanford, CA
Graduating Address of Yan Phou Lee, at Yale College
by Yan Phou Lee
The American Missionary. Volume 41, Issue 9. September 1887, pp. 269-273
When I Was a Boy in China
by Yan Phou Lee
Boston: D. Lothrop Co., 1887
Why I Am Not a Heathen
by Yan Phou Lee
The North American Review. Volume 145, Issue 370. September 1887, pp. 306-313
The Chinese Must Stay
by Yan Phou Lee
The North American Review. Volume 148, Issue 389. April 1889, pp. 476-484
Li Hung-Chang Collected Letters
Translated by William Hung
Complete Works. 1921
Record Group 59, Record Group 77, Record Group 98
United States National Archives
Newark Daily Advertiser
June 12-24, 1846; July 22, 1846, p. 2; March 20, 1848, 259: 464-466
New York Evening Post
May 29, 1848, p. 2; June 1, 1848, p. 3
New York Times
Sept. 15, 1872; July 14, 1873, p.8; July 25, 1873; Oct. 4, 1873; June 7, 1874, p.9; Dec. 31, 1874; March 2, 1875; June 30, 1876; September 19, 1878; August 11, 1881; June 25, 1898; August 5, 1898; August 5, 1898; August 30, 1898; June 26, 1902; March 12, 1910; April 22, 1912; August 22, 1912
North-China Herald
June 7, 1895, p. 853
Obituary Record of Yale Graduates, 1911-1912
Yale University
Pittsburgh Evening Leader
Oct. 28, 1874, p. 3; Dec. 20, 1874, p. 5
Autobiography, with Letters
by William Lyon Phelps
New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1939. Chapter 12
Registrar's Records
Yale University
San Francisco Chronicle
Sept. 13, 1872, p.3
Social scrapbooks assembled by Phyllis Kihn
Connecticut Historical Society. Hartford, CT
Springfield Daily Republican
Sept. 24, 1872, p. 2; Sept. 25, 1872, p. 4; Oct. 2, 1872, p. 2; Oct. 3, 1872, p. 2; Oct. 14, 1872, p. 8; Jan. 6, 1873, p. 2; Jan. 15, 1873, p. 8; Jan. 16, 1873, p. 4; Feb. 15, 1873, p. 4; Feb. 27, 1873, p. 3; March 7, 1873, p. 6; March 12, 1873, p.2; March 19, 1873, p. 2; March 27, 1873, p. 2; April 9, 1873, p. 2; April 12, 1873, p. 2; April 23, 1873, p.2; April 28, 1873, p. 3; May 19, 1873, p. 8; June 7, 1873, p. 4; June 9, 1873, p. 8; June 16, 1873, p.2; June 30, 1873, p. 2; July 22, 1873, p. 2; Aug. 26, 1873, p. 3; Oct. 4, 1873, p. 3; Oct. 9, 1873, p. 5; Oct. 10, 1873, p. 3; Oct. 20, 1873, p. 3; Nov. 14, 1873, p. 8; Nov. 17, 1873, p. 3; March 5, 1874, p. 5; June 16, 1874, p. 6; Aug. 22, 1874, p. 8; Sept. 26, 1874, p. 6; April 6, 1875, p. 6; Aug. 23, 1875, p. 6; Oct. 26, 1875, p. 5; Sept. 17, 1875, p. 6; Sept. 20, 1875, p. 6; Sept. 29, 1875, p. 6
Thomas LaFargue Collection
Washington State University Manuscripts, Archives and Special Collections
Thomas LaFargue Digital Collection
Washington State University
Autobiography
by Mark Twain
New York, NY: Harper & Brothers, 1929
Address on Chinese Work & Address of Hon. Yung Wing
by Rev. J.H. Twichell
The American Missionary. Volume XL, No. 1. January 1886, p. 372-376
Reverend J.H. Twichell's Diary
Yale University Manuscripts & Archives
Utica Daily Gazette
May 23, 1848, p. 2
Utica Weekly Herald
Nov. 12, 1872, p. 5; July 1, 1873, p.7
Viceroys Tseng Kuo Fan and Li Hung-Chang Memorandum
August 18, 1871
William S. Wells Papers
Yale University Manuscripts & Archives
Records of the Yale-China Association
Yale-China Association 1900-1985 (inclusive). Yale University Manuscripts & Archives
Yale College: Class of 1854
Yale University
Yung Kwai Papers
Yale University Manuscripts & Archives
The Chinese Educational Mission and Its Influences
by Shang-Him Yung
T'ien Hsia Monthly, Vol. IX, No. 3. October 1939, pp. 225-256
My Life in China and America
by Yung Wing
New York, NY: Henry Holt Company, 1909
Note From Yung Wing
by Yung Wing
Scribner's Monthly, An Illustrated Magazine for the People. Volume 10. July 1875, p. 383
Yung Wing's Diary
Connecticut State Library Archives Hartford, CT
Yung Wing Digital Collection
Yale University Manuscripts & Archives. Digital Image Database
   ONLINE ARTICLES
 
Imperial Students
CCTV.com
The Story of the Chinese Educational Commission to the United States 1872
by R.C. DeAngelis
The Chinese Students Memorial Society
Yung Wing (1828-1912) and 120 Young Chinese Students in America (1872-1881): Their Times and Works
by Timothy T. Kao
The Chinese Students Memorial Society
Letters from Young Chinese Students in America (1872-1881)
by Timothy T. Kao
The Chinese Students Memorial Society
Chinese Students in Hartford (1872-1881) Who Fought in the Sino-French Naval War (1884) and the Sino-Japanese Naval War (1894-1895)
by Timothy T. Kao
The Chinese Students Memorial Society
Yung Wing Story
by Timothy T. Kao
The Chinese Students Memorial Society
Beijing Celebrates 150th Anniversary of 1st U.S. Grad
by Berry Lin
Gong Tong de Rong Hong
   MAGAZINE AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES
 
Early Educational Mission
by Jin Baicheng
China Daily. April 22, 2004
Yung Wing and his Chinese Mission
by Clara Day Capron
Wellesley Alumnae Magazine. June 1954
Legacy On Gold Mountain
by Barbara Chen
Yolk. Volume 7, Issue 3. December 31, 2000, p. 24
Backdrop for Research
by Thomas W. Chinn
Chinese Historical Society of America Bulletin. January 1966
Symposium: 150 Years of Chinese Students in America
by T.K. Chu
Harvard China Review. Spring 2004, pp. 7-21, 26
"The Thin Edge of the Wedge": The Chinese Educational Mission and Diplomatic Representation in the Americas, 1872-1875"
by Charles A. Desnoyers
Pacific Historial Review. Volume 61. 1992, pp. 241-263
Overseas Studies and the Rise of Foreign Cultural Capital in Modern China
by Hui Huang
International Sociology. Volume 17, Issue 1. March 2002, pp. 35-55
Climbing the U.S. Academic Ladder
by Shalin Hai-Jew
International Examiner. Volume 15. May 31, 2004, p. 17
An American Sojourn: Young Chinese Students in the United States 1872-1881
by Timothy K. Kao
Connecticut Historical Society Bulletin. July 1981
Chinese documentary features education in U.S.
by Jeremy Kutner
Yale Daily News. October 31, 2002
Law Dean Koh kicks off Asian lectures
by Lucas Kwong & Violet Woodward Pu
Yale Daily News. September 28, 2004
Yung Wing and the Americanization of China
by Bill Lann Lee
Amerasia Journal. Volume 1, Issue 25. 1971
China's Quest from the West: the Chinese Educational Mission to the United States, 1872-1881
by Edwin Pak-wah Leung
Asian Profile. Volume 11, Issue 6. December 1983
The Educational of Early Chinese Students in America
by Edwin Pak-wah Leung
The Chinese American Experience. 1984, pp. 203-210
The First Chinese College Graduate in America: Yung Wing and his Educational Experience
by Edwin Pak-wah Leung
Asian Profile. Volume 16, Issue 5. October 1988
China's Decision to Send Students to the West: The Making of a "Revolutionary" Policy
by Edwin Pak-wah Leung
Asian Profile. Volume 16, Issue 2. October 1988, pp. 391-400
The Making of the Chinese Yankees: School Life of the Chinese Educational Mission Students in New England
by Edwin Pak-wah Leung
Asian Profile. Volume 16, Issue 5. October 1988, pp. 401-12
Yung Wing/Chinese Educational Mission at Hartford, Connecticut (Part 1)
by Anita Marchant
Chinese American Forum. Vol. XVIII, No. 2. October 2, 2002, pp. 19-24
Yung Wing/Chinese Educational Mission at Hartford, Connecticut (Part 2)
by Anita Marchant
Chinese American Forum. Vol. XVIII, No. 3. January 3, 2003, pp. 17-18
Yung Wing/Chinese Educational Mission at Hartford, Connecticut (Part 3)
by Anita Marchant
Chinese American Forum. Vol. XVIII, No. 4. April 4, 2003, pp. 16-18
Yung Wing/Chinese Educational Mission at Hartford, Connecticut (Part 4)
by Anita Marchant
Chinese American Forum. Vol. XIX, No. 3. January 3, 2004, pp. 16-21
The Life Story of Yung Wing: Part 2
by Anita Marchant. Chinese American Forum. Vol. XXI, No. 1. July 2005, pp. 26-29
Lessons from My Great-Great-Great Grandpa
by Phil Tajitsu Nash
Asian Week. Volume 24, Issue 50. August 13, 2003, p. 10
Achievements of Chinese American Scientists/Engineers
by Tze C. Peng
Chinese American Forum. CAP Banquet. October 23, 2004, pp. 13-15
In The Shadow of Yung Wing
by Edward J.M. Rhoads
Pacific Historical Review. Volume 74, Issue 1. February 2005, pp. 19-58
"White Labor" vs. "Coolie Labor": The "Chinese Question" in Pennsylvania in the 1870s
by Edward J.M. Rhoads
Journal of American Ethnic History. Volume 21. 2002, 3-32
Yellow in a White World: First Asian Graduate Yung Wing
by Scott Roberson
The Epoch Times. October 18, 2004
When East Met West
by Judith Ann Schiff
Yale Alumni Magazine: Old Yale. November/December 2004
One Hundred Years After His Graduation
by Hu Shi
Chinese Studies in History
Volume 35, No. 3
Spring 2002
pp. 87-95
Newly unveiled portrait features first Yale graduate from China
by Thomas Violante
Yale Bulletin & Calendar. Volume 28, Issue 32. May 19, 2000
International Living--An Old Experiment
by Hellen Williams
New England Galaxy. Winter 1966
The Transformation of Cultures: Three Chinese Views of America
by K. Scott Wong
American Quarterly. Volume 48, Issue 2
Yung Wing in America
by Edmund Worthy
Pacific Historical Review. Volume 34. 1965, pp. 265-287
Yung Hoy Legacy Strongly Influences Descendants
by Richard Yung
Zhuhai Daily. December 19, 2004
   SPEECHES
 
On Yung Wing
by Richard C. Levin
August 3, 2004
Yellow in a White World
by Harold Hongju Koh
September 27, 2004
   TEXTBOOKS AND NONFICTION
 
China Enters the Twentieth Century: Chang Chih-tung and the Issue of a New Age, 1895-1909
by Daniel H. Bays
Ann Arbor Michigan: The University of Michigan Press, 1978
"Patriots" or "Traitors"? A History of American-Educated Chinese Students
by Stacey Bieler
Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 2004
Chinese in Massachusetts: Their Experiences and Contributions
by Doris C.J. Chu
1987
Between Tradition and Modernity: Wang Tao and Reform in Late Ch'ing China
by Paul A Cohen
Cambridge, MA: The Council on East Asian Studies, Harvard University, 1987
Asian Americans: Emerging Minorities
by Roger Daniels & Harry H.K. Kitano
Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1988
China: A New History, Enlarged Edition
by John King Fairbank & Merle Goldman
Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 2002
The Cambridge History of China, Volume 10, Late Ch'ing, 1800-1911
ed. John King Fairbank
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978
Bury My Bones in America
by Lani Ah Tye Farkas
Nevada City, CA: Carl Mautz Publishing, 1998
Tseng Kuo-fan and the Taiping Rebellion: With a Short Sketch of His Later Carerr: Second Edition
by William James Hail
New York, NY: Paragon Book Reprint Corp, 1964
The Rise of Modern China: Sixth Edition
by Immanuel C.Y. Hsü
New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2000
China's First Hundred
by Thomas E. LaFargue
Pullman, WA: Washington State University Press, 1987
The Chinese American Experience
by Edwin Pak-wah Leung
1984
Chinese American Portraits: Personal Histories 1828-1988
by Ruthanne Lum McCunn
San Francisco, CA: Chronicle Books, 1988
The Unwelcome Immigrant: The American Image of the Chinese, 1785-1882
by Stuart Creighton Miller
Berkeley, 1969
Wu Tingfang (1842-1922): Reform and Modernization in Modern Chinese History
by Linda Pomerantz-Zhang
Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 1992
Macau: The Imaginary City: Culture and Society, 1557 to the Present
by Jonathan Porter
Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1996
Senior Returned Students: A Brief Account of the Chinese Educational Commission (1872-1881) under Dr. Yung Wing
by Arthur G. Robinson
Tientsin, China: Tientsin Press, 1932
Chinese Christians: Elites, Middlemen, and the Church in Hong Kong
by Carl T. Smith
Hong Kong, 1985
The Search for Modern China: Second Edition
by Jonathan D. Spence
New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company, 1999
God's Chinese Son
by Jonathan D. Spence
New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company, 1996
The Fall of Hong Kong: Britain, China and the Japanese Occupation
by Phillip Snow
New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003
China’s Response to the West: a Documentary Survey, 1839-1923
eds. Ssu-yu Teng & John K. Fairbank
Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 1954
The Taiping Rebellion and the Western Powers: A Comprehensive Survey
by S.Y. Teng
Ely House, London: Oxford University Press
Hong Kong in Chinese History: Community and Social Unrest in the British Colony, 1842-1913
by Jung-fang Tsai
New York, NY: Columbia
University Press, 1993
Shanghai: Crucible of Modern China
by Betty Peh-T'i Wei
Hong Kong: Oxford University Press,
Warwick House
Anson Burlingame and the First Chinese
Mission to Foreign Powers
by Frederick Wells Williams
1912
Claiming America: Constructing Chinese American Identities during the Exclusion Era
eds. K. Scott Wong & Sucheng Chan
Philadelphia, 1998
Anson Burlingame and the First Chinese
Mission to Foreign Powers
by Frederick Wells Williams
1912
Claiming America: Constructing Chinese American Identities during the Exclusion Era
eds. K. Scott Wong & Sucheng Chan
Philadelphia, 1998
Chinese American Voices
by Judy Yung, Him Mark Lai,
& Gordon H. Chang
2006

The Taiping Revolutionary Movement
by Jen Yu-wen
New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1973

   DOCUMENTARIES
 
Yu Tong
Directed by Qian Gang & Hu Jincao
Imperial Students
Produced by CCTV
   THESES
 
Chinese Youth and American Educational Institutions, 1850-1881
by Amy Nelson Bangerter
Ph.D. Dissertation, George Washington University. 1989
"Kingdoms of Manly Style": Performing Chinese American Masculinity, 1865-1941
by Floyd Doon Cheung
Ph.D. Dissertation, Tulane University. 1999
Yung Wing and the Chinese Educational Commission in Hartford
by Anita Marchant
M.A. Thesis, Trinity College. 1999
The Chinese Educational Mission to the United States
by Chris Robyn
M.A. Thesis, Chinese University of Hong Kong. 1996
Yung Wing, 1928-1912: A Critical Portrait
by Peter Pei-de Wan
Ph.D. Dissertation, Harvard University. 1997
Encounter the Other: Chinese Immigration and Its Impact on Chinese and American Worldviews, 1875-1905
by Kevin Scott Wong
Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan. 1992
 

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